International tools

Naciones Unidas

United Nations Convention against Corruption, drafted in New York on 31 October 2003 (BOE 171, dated 19-7-2006) (instrument of ratification in Spanish), especially Articles 13.2 and 33

European Union

European Parliament legislative resolution of 16 April 2019 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law

European Parliament

European Parliament resolution of 24 October 2017 on legitimate measures to protect whistle-blowers acting in the public interest when disclosing the confidential information of companies and public bodies

European Parliament resolution of 14 September 2017 on transparency, accountability and integrity in the EU institutions, Articles 60 to 67

European Union. Commission communication to the European Parliament and the European ombudsman on relations with the complainant in respect of infringements of community law, [COM(2002) 141 final], Official Journal, C 244/5, of 10 October 2002

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the fight against corruption in the European Union (Anti-Corruption Report), COM (2014) 038, of 3 February 2014 and Annex 9 on Spain to the EU Anti-Corruption Report (page 4), of 3 February 2014, COM (2014) 38 final

Report on Spain 2019, including an in-depth review on the prevention and correction of macroeconomic imbalances, of 27 February 2019, SWD (2019) 1008 final

Report on Spain 2018, including an in-depth review on the prevention and correction of macroeconomic imbalances, of 7 march 2018, SWD (2018) 207 final

Council of Europe

Criminal Convention of the Council of Europe on corruption (Convention number 173 of the Council of Europe), drafted in Strasbourg on 27 January 1999 (instrument of ratification in Spanish), especially art. 22

Civil Convention of the Council of Europe on corruption (Convention number 174 of the Council of Europe), draftes in Strasbourg on 4 November 1999 (instrument of ratification in Spanish), especially art. 9

Recommendation CM/Rec (2014)7 adopted by the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of whistleblowers on 30 April 2014

Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly

Resolution 1729 (2010) of protection of whistleblowers, on 29 April 2010

Improving the protection of whistleblowers all over Europe, motion for a resolution, on 23 January 2018, doc. 14483

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Recommendation of the Council for Further Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, adopted by Council on 26 November 2009 (Recommendation IX)

Recommendation of the OECD Council on Improving Ethical Conductin the Public Service, Including Principles for Managing Ethics in the Public Service